Carol Strickler, Grass Valley, Winnemucca, NM ROLE PLAYING THE CIVIL WAR Appropriate for grades 5 & 7. OVERVIEW: To help students comprehend the time frame of colonization to the present we begin with a blank bulletin board with a skeletal outline of the United States. We fill portions as colonies become states. We continue along the same flow into the Civil War unit. Students are really getting excited about the growth of the United States. They understand the time, effort, and work required to bring us as a nation to the point of the Civil War. PURPOSE: The purpose of this unit is to provide a frame for the students to use in evaluating both points of view in the Civil War. OBJECTIVES: Students will be able to: 1. Identify which states belong to the Union and which states belong to the Confederacy. 2. Identify three reasons of the North and three reasons of the South for the Civil War. 3. Identify and comprehend feeling experienced by both northern and southern states. 4. Identify the qualities of exceptional leaders regardless of their patriotic affiliation. 5. Feel compassion for participants in the Civil War regardless of their side. ACTIVITIES: 1. Begin removing seceding states from bulletin board as they secede. 2. When the Civil War begins the students are divided into Union and Confederacy. They choose leaders, draw their flags, and learn the background to support their historical position. They create recruitment posters to encourage enlistment and support for their sides. (No interaction between Northerns and Southerns for the duration of the unit). 3. During Language period the North writes a report portraying Abraham Lincoln to be presented orally. The South writes a report on Robert E. Lee to be presented orally. RESOURCES/MATERIALS NEEDED: All resources available in most schools. TYING IT ALL TOGETHER: The class can improve on history be having a reuniting ceremony in following what Abraham Lincoln would have promoted had he lived. President Lincoln did have strong plans for reconstruction that were not implemented for lack of quality leadership.
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