Academy Curricular Exchange
Columbia Education Center
Social Studies

Carol Strickler, Grass Valley, Winnemucca, NM


Appropriate for grades 5 & 7.

OVERVIEW:  To help students comprehend the time frame of
colonization to the present we begin with a blank bulletin board
with a skeletal outline of the United States.  We fill portions as
colonies become states.  We continue along the same flow into the
Civil War unit.  Students are really getting excited about the
growth of the United States.  They understand the time, effort,
and work required to bring us as a nation to the point of the
Civil War.

PURPOSE:  The purpose of this unit is to provide a frame for the
students to use in evaluating both points of view in the Civil

OBJECTIVES:  Students will be able to:

 1.  Identify which states belong to the Union and which states
     belong to the Confederacy.

 2.  Identify three reasons of the North and three reasons of the
     South for the Civil War.

 3.  Identify and comprehend feeling experienced by both northern
     and southern states.

 4.  Identify the qualities of exceptional leaders regardless of
     their patriotic affiliation.

 5.  Feel compassion for participants in the Civil War regardless
     of their side.


 1.  Begin removing seceding states from bulletin board as they

 2.  When the Civil War begins the students are divided into Union
     and Confederacy.  They choose leaders, draw their flags, and
     learn the background to support their historical position.
     They create recruitment posters to encourage enlistment and
     support for their sides.  (No interaction between Northerns
     and Southerns for the duration of the unit).

 3.  During Language period the North writes a report portraying
     Abraham Lincoln to be presented orally.  The South writes a
     report on Robert E. Lee to be presented orally.

RESOURCES/MATERIALS NEEDED:  All resources available in most

TYING IT ALL TOGETHER:   The class can improve on history be
having a reuniting ceremony in following what Abraham Lincoln
would have promoted had he lived.  President Lincoln did have
strong plans for reconstruction that were not implemented for lack
of quality leadership.


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