Academy Curricular Exchange
Columbia Education Center
Social Studies

TITLE:     Civil War Essay Writing

AUTHOR:    Steven Player

GRADE LEVEL:   11 - 12

OBJECTIVE:  The learner will be able to list the six major themes
presented in class and explain one in detail as an essay answer.

METHOD:  The class will be divided into groups of three.
Each group will be assigned one of the following
           unit titles:

               1.  Total War
               2.  Military Strategy
               3.  Lincoln and the Union
               4.  The Confederacy
               5.  The Black Experience and Emancipation
               6.  The Legacy of the War:  War As Revolution

           The group will then research the War from their
           particular subject and report orally in class.

The unit will be started by a five-part video presentation on the
Civil War.  The students will be assigned their topic beforehand so
they may look for their area. Each group will be given a bibliography
of their topic, as well 
as a general bibliography to select from.

Each group will be given a brief outline to follow to help with
research and to keep the groups separate in their search for material.

  I.  Total War
       A.  The first modern war
       B.  Massive armies and recruitment
       C.  Civilian support of the home front
       D.  Economic base through industrial capacities
       E.  Coordination of resources by political leadership

           David Donald, ed., Why the North Won the Civil War, (1960).

           James McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era (1988).

           *Richard H. Sewell, A House Divided (1988).

 II.  Military Strategy
       A.  Number, terrain, morale
       B.  Impact of technology
       C.  Overall strategy of both sides
       D.  Offensive vs. defensive mind
       E.  Leaders

       *Bruce Catton, The Centennial History of the Civil
           War (3 vols., 1961-65).

       Thomas  Connelly and Archer Jones, The Politics of Command:
           Factions and Ideas in Confederate Strategy (1973).

       T. Harry Williams, Lincoln and His Generals (1952).

       Gerald F. Linderman, Embattled Courage: The Experience of Combat in 
            the American Civil War (1987).

III.  Lincoln and the Union
       A.  Total leadership
       B.  Personality
       C.  Politics
       D.  Major Decisions
       E.  Effect of his assassination

           *Benjamin Thomas, Abraham Lincoln (1952).

           *Tyler Dennett, ed., Lincoln and the Civil War in the Diaries and 
              Letters of John Hay (1939; abridged paperback edition, 1988).

           *LaWanda Cox, Lincoln and Black Freedom: A Study of Presidential 
                    Leadership (1981).

           Philip S. Paludan, "A People's Contest;" The Union and Civil War, 
                   1861-1865 (1988).

           Elizabeth Mary Massey, Bonnets Brigade: American Women and the 
                   Civil War (1966).

 IV.  The Confederacy
       A.  Jefferson Davis and his leadership
       B.  Break with tradition (Old South)
       C.  Class conflicts
       D.  Hardships of the War

           *Emory Thomas, The Confederate Nation, 1861-1865 (1979).

           Steven Hahn, The Roots of Southern Populism; Yeoman Farmers and 
               the Transformation of the Georgia Upcountry, 1850-1890 (1983).

           James Roark, Masters Without Slaves: Southern Planters in the 
                Civil War and Reconstruction (1977).

           Massey, Bonnets Brigade

  V.  The Black Experience and Emancipation
       A.  Changes in slavery
       B.  Emancipation Proclamation
       C.  Role of the Freedman
       D.  Hopes and aspirations
       E.  Adaptability

           Leon Litwack, Been in the Storm So Long: The
              Aftermath of Slavery (1979).

           Clarence Mohr, On the Thershiol of Freedom: Masters and Slaves in 
              Civil War Georgia (1986).

           *Willie Lee Rose, Rehearsal for Reconstruction:
              The Port Royal Experiment (1964).

 VI.  The Legacy of the War:  War as Revolution
       A.  Social transformation of the slaves
       B.  Social transformation of women
       C.  Political changes
       D.  Economical changes
       E.  Cost of the War
       F.  Value changes

           Susan Previant lee and Peter Passell, A New
             Economic View of American History (1979).


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